Some pretty shocking context to the times of Redburn and the birth of the Co-Operative movement.
POVERTY AND MORTALITY IN 1840s LIVERPOOL
(1) Dr. William Duncan, Report on the Sanitary Condition of Liverpool (1839)
In the streets inhabited by the working classes, I believe that the great majority are without sewers, and that where they do exist they are of a very imperfect kind unless where the ground has a natural inclination, therefore the surface water and fluid refuse of every kind stagnate in the street, and add, especially in hot weather, their pestilential influence to that of the more solid filth. With regard to the courts, I doubt whether there is a single court in Liverpool which communicates with the street by an underground drain, the only means afforded for carrying off the fluid dirt being a narrow, open, shallow gutter, which sometimes exists, but even this is very generally choked up with stagnant filth.
(2) Edwin Chadwick, The Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Population (1842)
Of the deaths which occurred amongst the labouring classes in Liverpool, it appears that no less than 62% of the total number were deaths under five years of age. Even amongst those entered as shopkeepers and tradesmen, no less than 50% died before they attained that period.
Average Age of Death